What is Ovary Cysts and How it is related to pregnancy?

As women have two ovaries and the main function of the ovaries is to produce eggs and hormones called estrogen and progesterone. An ovarian cyst is a cyst formed in the ovary or ovary that is of a closed sac shape. Ovarian cysts contain a fluid.

Cysts in the ovaries are a common problem in women. In their lifetime, mostly women face this problem. Within the ovary are thalamic compositions which are filled with fluid. Every month during menstruation, a structure the shape of this sac emerges, which is known as a follicle. From these follicles, hormones called estrogen and progesterone are released, which help in the ejection of matured eggs from ovaries. In some cases, it has been observed that follicle size increases even after the end of the fixed period of menstruation, which is called ovarian cysts.

Relationship between ovarian cysts and pregnancy

When a sac filled with fluid is produced in one of the ovaries, it is known as a cyst. It is believed that most women may develop cysts once in their lifetimes. If the cyst is not treated, the polycystic ovarian syndrome occurs, ie a large number of small cysts occur in the ovary. As a result of which the ovaries enlarge. If not treated, polycystic ovaries can also cause infertility.

Often women do not understand when to visit a doctor on an ovarian cyst. When you feel these symptoms, you should go to the doctor without delay: 

  • When you feel intermittent pain and heaviness in the lower abdomen.
  • Be prick
  • Periods of irregular and excessive bleeding
  • When you feel pain in the pelvic area after exercise or coitus
  • Vagina pain sensation
  • Nausea

If the cyst is not treated at the right time, it can sometimes take the form of growing cancer.

See here one case of our Urvara Fertility Centre:

Case study of a woman in Lucknow aged 30-years. This was the first time a pregnant woman presented with torsion of ovarian cyst over 30 weeks. She was presented at our Urvara Fertility Centre with abdominal pain. She was diagnosed with ovarian cyst torsion during pregnancy and underwent a cystectomy. Her report showed a benign serous cystadenoma. Her pregnancy was followed and she gave birth to a healthy female infant. Although the safety of antepartum surgical intervention has been accepted, abdominal surgery carries some risks for the pregnant woman and the unborn fetus, and therefore the option of management of risks based on the characterization of adnexal mass and gestational age weight is required.

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